A Chart of the Abrahamic Covenant in Genesis 12-50

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The following chart was created as a reference for Genesis 12-50 and the Abrahamic Covenant. Particular attention is paid to the covenant’s mention (whether directly or interpretive), the person addressed, the circumstances by which the covenant was alluded to, any development it has for the Book of Genesis, and any change it presents in content or emphasis in regards to the covenant itself. The size of the chart indicates the intention God had in His covenant with Abraham and sheds a distinct light on God’s promise to Abraham throughout Genesis 12-50.

The chart is broken into the distinct criteria as listed prior. In most cases, the entire verse is listed for reference; however, if the verse is lengthy, a simple listing is given for research purposes. The chart is intended to be used as a reference guide that encourages further research and thought development. This chart was created in hopes of making the covenant a bit easier to trace and perhaps even offer hope to Christians today as they study the life of Abraham and the line of his family.

Reference (ALL NIV): Addressed To: Circumstance Under Which it was Reiterated: “Ingredients”

Which compose the Covenant:

Development in the Book of Genesis: Any Change in Content or Emphasis:
Genesis 12:1: The Lord had said to Abram, “Go from your country, your people and your father’s household to the land I will show you” Abram God called Abram to move to Canaan Abram moved from his home to Canaan God initiated through a call to Abram. The emphasis here is on faith and commitment. God called Abram to trust Him.
Genesis 12:2: “I will make you into a great nation, and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing.” Abram God promised Abram that his name would be great. Required faith in God’s promise. God promised to bless Abram, and make him known throughout the world. Continuing Abram’s call. God promises He will bless Abram.
Genesis 12:3: “I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you.” Abram God promised Abram that his name would be great. Required faith in God’s promise. God promised to bless Abram and keep him safe. Continuing Abram’s call. God emphasizes who will be blessed and cursed and Abram bring blessing to all people.
Genesis 12:7:  The Lord appeared to Abram and said, “To your offspring I will give this land.” Abram God promised Abram his descendants will inherit the land the Canaanites had. God provides a promise for Abram’s offspring God rewards Abram’s faithfulness for moving to Canaan. God promises Abram’s descendants the land.
Genesis 13:14-15:  “Look around from where you are, to the north and south, to the east and west. All the land that you see I will give to you and your offspring forever.” Abram Lot left Abram in Canaan. God visually shows Abram the land his offspring will inherit. God details His promise to Abram for his future descendants. God continues in showing Abram the Promised Land. God details the Promised Land.


 

Reference (ALL NIV): Addressed To: Circumstance Under Which it was Reiterated: “Ingredients”

Which compose the Covenant:

Development in the Book of Genesis: Any Change in Content or Emphasis:
Genesis 13:16: “I will make your offspring like the dust of the earth, so that if anyone could count the dust, then your offspring could be counted.” Abram God continues to detail the blessing on Abram’s descendants. God continuing to speak to Abram about his descendants. God assigns a value to the number of descendants God alludes to the uncountable amount of dust in referencing Abram’s number of descendants. Emphasis is on Abram’s descendants.
Genesis 15:4-5: “This man will not be your heir, but a son who is your own flesh and blood will be your heir.” He took him outside and said, “Look up at the sky and count the stars—if indeed you can count them.” Then he said to him, “So shall your offspring be.” Abram Abram had no children. He was concerned that a servant would be his heir because he was old and Sarah was barren. God promises Abram a descendant of his own flesh and blood. God promises Abram a child by his own blood for the first time. God tells Abram that he will have a son of his own flesh and blood through Sarai to be his heir. Emphasis is on Abram’s obedience.
Genesis 16:9-10: “Go back to your mistress and submit to her.”  The angel added, “I will increase your descendants so much that they will be too numerous to count.” Hagar Abram conceived with the slave Hagar who was running from Sarai and Hagar was approached by an angel of the Lord. Hagar was promised uncountable descendants. Abram’s covenant in jeopardy because the baby was not Sarai’s baby. Abram’s covenant is shaken because he violated God’s promise of a descendant through Sarai.
Genesis 16: 11-12: “You shall name him Ishmael, for the Lord has heard of your misery. He will be a wild donkey of a man;

his hand will be against everyone and everyone’s hand against him, and he will live in hostility

toward his brothers.”

Hagar Hagar’s offspring was essentially cursed for the covenant violation. Angel of the Lord foreshadowed Ishmael’s rebellion as a result of covenant disobedience. Ishmael’s life is foreshadowed and essentially cursed for Abram’s covenant breaking. Emphasis shifted back to God’s covenant with Abram because Ishmael would bring hostility which does not fulfill the covenant promise.

 

Reference (ALL NIV): Addressed To: Circumstance Under Which it was Reiterated: “Ingredients”

Which compose the Covenant:

Development in the Book of Genesis: Any Change in Content or Emphasis:
Genesis 17:4-6: “As for me, this is my covenant with you: You will be the father of many nations. No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations. I will make you very fruitful; I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you.” Abram

Abraham

Abram was ninety-nine years old and God approached him again. God reiterates the covenant and assures it is still intact. Abram’s name is changed to Abraham or “father of many nations.” as God reaffirms the covenant. God displayed forgiveness even though Abram violated the covenant with Hagar.
Genesis 17:7-8: “I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you. The whole land of Canaan, where you now reside as a foreigner, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God.” Abraham God continuing to reaffirm the covenant. God expounds on the covenant once again. Covenant is being reaffirmed. God still has a covenant with Abraham through His mercy and grace.

 

 

 

 

 

Reference (ALL NIV): Addressed To: Circumstance Under Which it was Reiterated: “Ingredients”

Which compose the Covenant:

Development in the Book of Genesis: Any Change in Content or Emphasis:
Genesis 17:13-14: “Whether born in your household or bought with your money, they must be circumcised. My covenant in your flesh is to be an everlasting covenant. Any uncircumcised male, who has not been circumcised in the flesh, will be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant.” Abraham God provides a sign for the covenant. God makes circumcision a requirement for the covenant. Circumcision is now a sign of the covenant. God calls for Abraham’s obedience to his command of circumcision.
Genesis 17:15: “As for Sarai your wife, you are no longer to call her Sarai; her name will be Sarah” Abraham Sarai’s name changed as the new covenant is made. God changes Sarai’s name to reiterate new covenant. Sarai’s name is changed to Sarah. Abraham’s faithfulness is rewarded again as Sarai’s name is changed to Sarah.
Genesis 17:16: “I will bless her and will surely give you a son by her. I will bless her so that she will be the mother of nations; kings of peoples will come from her.” Abraham God reaffirming covenant God promises a child by Sarah who is old in age God promises a child by Sarah still in the covenant. God is testing Abraham’s faith.
Genesis 17:19: “your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you will call him Isaac. I will establish my covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him.” Abraham God expounding on the covenant. Abraham’s baby is to be named Isaac and God will establish a covenant with him. God promises Abraham that Isaac will be his child and have a covenant that will produce descendants. “everlasting covenant”

 


 

Reference (ALL NIV): Addressed To: Circumstance Under Which it was Reiterated: “Ingredients”

Which compose the Covenant:

Development in the Book of Genesis: Any Change in Content or Emphasis:
Genesis 17: 20: “as for Ishmael, I have heard you: I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his numbers. He will be the father of twelve rulers, and I will make him into a great nation.” Abraham God addresses Abraham’s request to bless Ishmael Ishmael is blessed. Ishmael will be fruitful, the father of twelve rulers, and have a great nation. God blesses Ishmael.
Genesis 17:21: “But my covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you by this time next year.” Abraham God finishes establishing the covenant. God will establish covenant with Isaac. God tells Abraham Sarah will give birth by the next year. Timeframe given by God for Isaac’s birth in accordance with His promise to Abraham.
Genesis 17:27:  every male in Abraham’s household, including those born in his household or bought from a foreigner, was circumcised with him. Reader Abraham carrying out God’s new covenant All in Abraham’s household circumcised Abraham fulfills God’s covenant of circumcision Abraham demonstrates both obedience to God and faith in God.
Genesis 18:10: “I will surely return to you about this time next year, and Sarah your wife will have a son.” Abraham Three Heavenly visitors visit Abraham Isaac’s birth reiterated. Sarah will have a son next year. Isaac’s birth reaffirmed
Genesis 18: 13-14: “Why did Sarah laugh and say, ‘Will I really have a child, now that I am old?’ Is anything too hard for the Lord? I will return to you at the appointed time next year, and Sarah will have a son.” Abraham Sarah laughed upon hearing she would have a child because she was old and barren Isaac’s birth reiterated God will return next year and Sarah will have Isaac. God questions Sarah’s doubt.

 


 

Reference (ALL NIV): Addressed To: Circumstance Under Which it was Reiterated: “Ingredients”

Which compose the Covenant:

Development in the Book of Genesis: Any Change in Content or Emphasis:
Genesis 21: 6-7: “God has brought me laughter, and everyone who hears about this will laugh with me.” And she added, “Who would have said to Abraham that Sarah would nurse children? Yet I have borne him a son in his old age.” Abraham Isaac finally born to Sarah. Isaac’s birth fulfills another part of the covenant Isaac born to the old and barren Sarah fulfilling God’s promise and covenant. Covenant fulfilled.
Genesis 22:2: “Take your son, your only son, whom you love—Isaac—and go to the region of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on a mountain I will show you.” Abraham God approaches Abraham God tells Abraham to sacrifice Isaac as a burnt offering God wants Abraham to sacrifice his covenant son. Emphasis is put on Abraham’s faith in God’s plan.
Genesis 22:12: “Do not lay a hand on the boy,” he said. “Do not do anything to him. Now I know that you fear God, because you have not withheld from me your son, your only son.” Abraham God stops Abraham from sacrificing Isaac. Isaac spared. God affirms Abraham’s faith. Abraham’s faith confirmed.
Genesis 22: 17-18: “I will surely bless you and make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession of the cities of their enemies, and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me.” Abraham God rewarding Abraham’s faithfulness. Covenant of descendants and land reaffirmed. God reaffirms that Abraham will have numerous descendants and land. Abraham’s faith rewarded with continuance of covenant.
Reference (ALL NIV): Addressed To: Circumstance Under Which it was Reiterated: “Ingredients”

Which compose the Covenant:

Development in the Book of Genesis: Any Change in Content or Emphasis:
Genesis 24:7: “The Lord, the God of heaven, who brought me out of my father’s household and my native land and who spoke to me and promised me on oath, saying, ‘To your offspring I will give this land’—he will send his angel before you so that you can get a wife for my son from there. Abraham’s servant Abraham was getting old and wanted to find a wife for Isaac. Also told his servant to bring the woman back to Canaan, the Promised Land. Abraham adheres to the covenant and desires for Isaac to grow and marry in the Promised Land. Abraham is near death, leaving all to his son. Abraham’s obedience to the covenant. End of Abraham’s life is eminent.
Genesis 24:14: “May it be that when I say to a young woman, ‘Please let down your jar that I may have a drink,’ and she says, ‘Drink, and I’ll water your camels too’—let her be the one you have chosen for your servant Isaac. By this I will know that you have shown kindness to my master.” God Abraham’s servant asked for a sign for the woman God desired Isaac to have. God would provide the sign for Isaac’s future wife. Search for wife for Isaac continues. Servant’s faith in God.
Genesis 24:18-19: “Drink, my lord,” she said, and quickly lowered the jar to her hands and gave him a drink. After she had given him a drink, she said, “I’ll draw water for your camels too, until they have had enough to drink.” Servant God confirms Rebekah as His choice when she reiterates everything the servant asked to hear. Wife found to make descendants Wife for Isaac found Servant’s faith rewarded.

Isaac’s faith rewarded.

Abraham’s faith rewarded.

Genesis 24:60: “may you increase to thousands upon thousands; may your offspring possess the cities of their enemies.” Rebekah Rebekah’s family foreshadows her future Rebekah leaving to join Isaac Rebekah agrees to go to Isaac Isaac has wife to make descendants with.

 


 

Reference (ALL NIV): Addressed To: Circumstance Under Which it was Reiterated: “Ingredients”

Which compose the Covenant:

Development in the Book of Genesis: Any Change in Content or Emphasis:
Genesis 25:11: After Abraham’s death, God blessed his son Isaac Reader Abraham has now died, covenant passed to Isaac. Isaac is the descendant God promised to bless. Abraham is now dead. Abraham’s faith rewarded by God blessing Isaac.
Genesis 25:21:  Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf of his wife, because she was childless. The Lord answered his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. Reader Isaac was to have numerous descendants as well God made Rebekah pregnant Rebekah would now have descendants Isaac is about to have descendants.
Genesis 25:23: “Two nations are in your womb, and two peoples from within you will be separated;

one people will be stronger than the other, and the older will serve the younger.”

Rebekah Rebekah questioned why the babies jostled in her womb God confirms that the babies will be the leaders of two nations. Future of Isaac’s descendants revealed. Isaac’s offspring will feud.
Genesis 27: 28-29: “May God give you heaven’s dew and earth’s richness— an abundance of grain and new wine. May nations serve you and peoples bow down to you. Be lord over your brothers, and may the sons of your mother bow down to you. May those who curse you be cursed and those who bless you be blessed.” Jacob Isaac is old in age and can barely see. He mistakenly gives Jacob the blessing instead of Esau  “Elder shall serve the younger”. Jacob now has authority over Esau Jacob possesses the blessing.

 

 

 

Reference (ALL NIV): Addressed To: Circumstance Under Which it was Reiterated: “Ingredients”

Which compose the Covenant:

Development in the Book of Genesis: Any Change in Content or Emphasis:
Genesis 27:40: “Your dwelling will be away from the earth’s richness, away from the dew of heaven above. You will live by the sword and you will serve your brother.

But when you grow restless, you will throw his yoke from off your neck.”

Esau Isaac explains to Esau what the consequences are for Jacob’s deception. Esau will have a difficult vengeful life. Esau’s future revealed. Esau is essentially cursed.
Genesis 28:4:  “May he give you and your descendants the blessing given to Abraham, so that you may take possession of the land where you now reside as a foreigner, the land God gave to Abraham.” Jacob Isaac gives instruction and blessing to Isaac. Land still promised to Abraham’s descendants. Jacob blessed and told to take possession of the Promised Land. Jacob blessed and will inherit land.
Genesis 28: 14-15:  “Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth, and you will spread out to the west and to the east, to the north and to the south. All peoples on earth will be blessed through you and your offspring. I am with you and will watch over you wherever you go, and I will bring you back to this land. I will not leave you until I have done what I have promised you.” Jacob God addressed Jacob in a dream after introducing Himself as the God of Abraham and Isaac. Descendants will be like dust. Land will be delivered. God visits Jacob and continues covenant. Jacob’s faith in God rewarded.

 

Reference (ALL NIV): Addressed To: Circumstance Under Which it was Reiterated: “Ingredients”

Which compose the Covenant:

Development in the Book of Genesis: Any Change in Content or Emphasis:
Genesis 29:31-35 Reader Jacob had married Leah and Rachel, but did not love Leah. Leah was allowed to conceive by God and had four children. Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah born as descendants. Jacob now had descendants by Rachel Leah’s faith in God rewarded. Covenant continuing.
Genesis 31:3: “Go back to the land of your fathers and to your relatives, and I will be with you.” Jacob God tells Jacob to return to the Promised Land This was the land God gave Abraham in the covenant. God called Jacob to return. “I will be with you.”
Genesis 31:32: “If the God of my father, the God of Abraham and the Fear of Isaac, had not been with me, you would surely have sent me away empty-handed. But God has seen my hardship and the toil of my hands, and last night he rebuked you.” Laban Jacob questions why Laban has treated him so harshly. God has still watched over and blessed Jacob. Jacob tells Laban God has rebuked him. Jacob still under God’s protection. Jacob’s favor with God.
Genesis 32:9: Then Jacob prayed, “O God of my father Abraham, God of my father Isaac, Lord, you who said to me, ‘Go back to your country and your relatives, and I will make you prosper,’” God Jacob acknowledge God as the God of the covenant and that is why he is returning to the Promised Land Jacob still heading towards Promised Land Jacob once again acknowledges the God of his fathers The covenant remains

 

 

 


 

Reference (ALL NIV): Addressed To: Circumstance Under Which it was Reiterated: “Ingredients”

Which compose the Covenant:

Development in the Book of Genesis: Any Change in Content or Emphasis:
Genesis 32:12: “you have said, ‘I will surely make you prosper and will make your descendants like the sand of the sea, which cannot be counted.’” God Jacob fears Esau will kill him, but God has called Jacob to return home. Jacob reiterates the covenant of many descendants. Covenant expounded. Jacob pleads for protection from God.
Genesis 32:28: “Your name will no longer be Jacob, but Israel, because you have struggled with God and with humans and have overcome.” Jacob

Israel

Jacob refused to move until he was blessed by God. God changed his name. Jacob has a new name and a reaffirmation of God’s blessing on him. Covenant still intact. “you have struggled with God and with humans and have overcome.”
Genesis 34:15: “We will enter into an agreement with you on one condition only: that you become like us by circumcising all your males.” Shechem and Hamor Shechem wanted Dinah as a wife, she was already defiled unknowing to Jacob. His sons stated they can only marry if the men are circumcised. Circumcision is a sign of the covenant God gave Abraham. Circumcision still practiced faithfully. Obedience to God.
Genesis 34:30:  “You have brought trouble on me by making me obnoxious to the Canaanites and Perizzites, the people living in this land. We are few in number, and if they join forces against me and attack me, I and my household will be destroyed.” Simeon and Levi Simeon and Levi had attacked Shechem’s city and took Dinah back. Covenant put in jeopardy as Jacob’s family provokes violence against another city. Covenant shaken. Land may be in jeopardy. Disobedience to the covenant.

 


 

Reference (ALL NIV): Addressed To: Circumstance Under Which it was Reiterated: “Ingredients”

Which compose the Covenant:

Development in the Book of Genesis: Any Change in Content or Emphasis:
Genesis 35:1: “Go up to Bethel and settle there, and build an altar there to God, who appeared to you when you were fleeing from your brother Esau.” Jacob God calls Jacob God calls for an altar in Bethel. God continues covenant. Jacob’s faith tested.
Genesis 35:5: Then they set out, and the terror of God fell on the towns all around them so that no one pursued them. Jacob’s family Jacob answering God’s call and gets his family to dispose of false gods and follow him. God provided safe passage for Jacob and his family. Jacob answered God’s call Jacob’s faith revealed
Genesis 35:11-13 Israel Jacob answered God’s call and God approached him again. God affirms He was the God of  Abraham and Isaac and reaffirms the covenant Covenant continued for Jacob’s descendants. Land and prosperity promised for Jacob’s faith.
Genesis 36 Reader Telling of Esau and his descendants Numerous descendants under Esau who came from Isaac. Covenant promise fulfilled again. God never fails.
Genesis 39:2: The Lord was with Joseph so that he prospered, and he lived in the house of his Egyptian master. Reader Joseph was chosen to rule by God, descendant of Jacob. God watched over Joseph to guide him during captivity in Egypt Joseph’s favor with God confirmed God was with Joseph
Genesis 39:23: The warden paid no attention to anything under Joseph’s care, because the Lord was with Joseph and gave him success in whatever he did. Reader Joseph was set up and arrested, but God watched over him. God granted success in all Joseph did Joseph still favored God granted Joseph success

 


 

Reference (ALL NIV): Addressed To: Circumstance Under Which it was Reiterated: “Ingredients”

Which compose the Covenant:

Development in the Book of Genesis: Any Change in Content or Emphasis:
Genesis 43:23: “It’s all right,” he said. “Don’t be afraid. Your God, the God of your father, has given you treasure in your sacks; I received your silver.” Joseph’s brothers. Joseph was in charge of Egypt and his brothers had come with silver given by God. God wanted the family to be brought back together and supplied a way even though Joseph’s brothers had sold him into slavery. Joseph was in charge in Egypt, second to Pharaoh. God made a way for a family reunion.
Genesis 45:7: “God sent me ahead of you to preserve for you a remnant on earth and to save your lives by a great deliverance.” Joseph’s brothers Joseph told his brothers to feel no guilt for what they did because God wanted this to happen Family brought together Joseph forgave his brothers, family restored God has a plan.
Genesis 46:3-4: “I am God, the God of your father,” he said. “Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you into a great nation there.  I will go down to Egypt with you, and I will surely bring you back again. And Joseph’s own hand will close your eyes.” Jacob God approached Jacob in a vision God instructed Jacob to go to Egypt and a nation will be made for him there. God calls Jacob to Egypt Jacob’s faith tested
Genesis 47:9: “The years of my pilgrimage are a hundred and thirty. My years have been few and difficult, and they do not equal the years of the pilgrimage of my fathers.” Pharaoh Pharaoh asked Jacob his age. Jacob alluded to the pilgrimages of his fathers. Covenant still in progress Jacob answers God’s call.
Reference (ALL NIV): Addressed To: Circumstance Under Which it was Reiterated: “Ingredients”

Which compose the Covenant:

Development in the Book of Genesis: Any Change in Content or Emphasis:
Genesis 47:27: Now the Israelites settled in Egypt in the region of Goshen. They acquired property there and were fruitful and increased greatly in number. Reader God’s promise to Jacob was being fulfilled. God delivers land to Jacob in Egypt. Israel’s family is not in Egypt. Faith rewarded.
Genesis 48:3-4 : “God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and there he blessed me and said to me, ‘I am going to make you fruitful and increase your numbers. I will make you a community of peoples, and I will give this land as an everlasting possession to your descendants after you.’” Joseph Jacob is dying and is telling Joseph of the covenant Land, descendants, and community promised Jacob is soon to die, leaving covenant to Joseph Covenant continues.
Genesis 48:15-16 Joseph Jacob is getting weaker and is putting a blessing on Joseph Protection and descendants reiterated Joseph blessed by his father Covenant continued through Joseph.
Genesis 50:20: “You intended to harm me, but God intended it for good to accomplish what is now being done, the saving of many lives.” Joseph’s brothers Joseph’s brothers are worried, but Joseph is reassuring them. God is still at work. God’s covenant stands. Faith of Joseph confirmed.

 


 

 

 

 

 

Reference (ALL NIV): Addressed To: Circumstance Under Which it was Reiterated: “Ingredients”

Which compose the Covenant:

Development in the Book of Genesis: Any Change in Content or Emphasis:
Genesis 50:24: “God will surely come to your aid and take you up out of this land to the land he promised on oath to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.” Joseph’s brothers Joseph was dying and soon to pass. Promised Land still promised to Abraham’s descendants. Joseph reiterates the covenant that is still in place. God will deliver on His promise.
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Published by

charlestinsley

My name is Charlie Tinsley and I blog about The Bible. In particular, I post my thoughts, commentaries, and Bible Study teachings I have done. I hold a Bachelors Degree in Science in Religion Summa Cum Laude with a Biblical Studies Minor. I am currently studying for a Masters In Divinity at Eastern Mennonite Seminary with PhD ambitions in the study of Theology. I am married and have been for several years and I currently reside in Virginia.

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