Asking if God can create a rock so heavy that He cannot lift it is a direct challenge to His omnipotence. The argument seems to present that either way the believer answers, they must acknowledge God is neither omnipotent nor all powerful. The “challenge” is an old one that seems to lack basic understanding and reasoning.
Consider that God is the Creator of man, nature, and instinct logic. He, too, is bound by the same logic we are. For example, an atheist might present a challenge stating God could not create a triangular circle. Such a challenge is absurd. We know circles to be round and lacking sides by the laws of nature instituted by God. Logically, such a challenge is impossible.
Is that above statement contradictory with The Bible? After all, the Bible says that through God, all things are possible. At face value, a basic understanding of that statement would assert that God can do anything He chooses. In effect, make a triangular circle. In a deeper comprehension, God can do all things… within logic and reason.
Why is that? If God is all powerful, He could do anything He wants, right? Consider there are things God cannot do. For example, God cannot exist and not exist at the same time. Another thing God cannot do is commit evil. As a sidebar, the debate as to what “evil” actually is seems to be relevant to the specific person describing it. A prominent challenge to defining evil is the concept of moral relativity which states that every feeling we have is basically a matter of chance. So the fact that a person may think killing a baby on the street corner is wrong or evil has no relevance to anyone or anything and tomorrow they may feel that such an act is a good thing. I do not adhere to such absurdity, universal morality was created and not a product of mere chance. I’m open to a debate on this in addition to the topic at hand.
We have covered that God cannot do things that are outside of His logic or the laws of nature. If He were to violate the laws He created, He would cease to be God. How so? By changing the laws as He sees fit, God would be demonstrating indecision and make the terms of salvation itself unattainable for anyone.
Consider that in the Christian belief, the blood of Christ was a necessary sacrifice to pay for the sins of man. This is an example of a law of God. He set the parameters for salvation and thus man can be saved through accepting Christ. If God violated this law and suddenly decides that money in the sum of $100,000,000,000 is the only tender one can have for salvation, that would make salvation unattainable for the majority of the world. You may say that example is absurd, but it is no more absurd than suggesting God make a rock He cannot budge.
God’s omnipotence is not disconnected from Him or His nature. They are all part of who He is. In relation to His nature, consider that we have human nature ourselves. In the confinement of human nature, we can jump, but we cannot fly. By fly, I mean freely and without assistance from a plane, helicopter, jetpack, ect. If we were to develop such a trait, we would cease to be human beings. Consider that Superman is considered Superhuman. In short, if God were to do something that is contradictory with His nature, He would become a contradiction and be regarded as a false notion.
God cannot be self-contradictory. It is outside of His nature.
If God were to truly make a rock that He could not lift, the rock would have to be of a greater size than He is. God’s existence dictates omnipotence and the rock itself would have to exist beyond His parameters which is simply impossible. Rocks, by definition, cannot be infinitely big. They are confined to their individual size and element makeup.
Simply, we would like to believe God can do anything we conceive. As a child, I envisioned myself as a superhero with laser rays coming from my eyes. Does that mean that it is possible? Of course not. If God were to allow such a thing, that would be absurd. When we think up things we would like God to be able to do that are inconsistent with reality and logic, we are basically just creating our own god with our own rules and our own nature. If there were more than one God, there would be more than one law of nature. Perhaps even infinite laws of nature that would make the Twilight Zone look like child’s play.